By AIT Public Affairs
29 November 2023: Marking a significant leap forward in sustainable and technologically advanced farming practices, the Department of Food, Agriculture, and Bioresources (FAB) of the School of Environment, Resources, and Development (SERD) at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) recently inaugurated Smart Greenhouse.
President Prof Kazuo Yamamoto inaugurated the 10 m × 20 m Smart Greenhouse, developed under the supervision of Dr. Sushil Kumar Himanshu in the Agricultural Systems and Engineering Academic Program. The smart greenhouse system has cutting-edge Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies and it aims to revolutionize agricultural cultivation by optimizing and controlling various environmental factors.
This Smart greenhouse incorporates advanced technologies to ensure precise control over the cultivation environment for maximum efficiency and yield optimization. A significant feature is the incorporation of mobile apps that facilitate remote monitoring and control, allowing growers to manage cultivation efficiently from any location. The app stores valuable historical data on environmental conditions, soil health, plant phenomics, and fertigation, empowering growers to make informed decisions and implement improvements over time.
The greenhouse’s climate controller system ensures an ideal plant growth environment by regulating temperature, humidity, light, and ventilation. Employing the EVAP cooling system, ventilation, farm fans, and a fogging system it creates an optimal microclimate for diverse crops. Automated shading systems further enhance control over sunlight exposure.
The greenhouse is divided into four distinct zones, each equipped with specialized sensors (soil moisture, pH, NPK, EC, etc.) to control inputs precisely. This segmentation promotes efficient resource utilization and provides tailored conditions for various crops. Automated drip irrigation systems minimize water wastage by delivering water precisely based on the specific needs of each plant.
A controlled fertigation system, continuously monitoring EC, flow rate, and pH levels, optimizes nutrient delivery. This system seamlessly mixes fertilizers, creating blends with varying NPK levels for enhanced customization. A multispectral sensor integrated into the greenhouse monitors plant health, detects water and nutrient deficiencies, identifies pest damage, and optimizes fertilizer use.
For additional details about the Agricultural Systems and Engineering (ASE) program, please visit the official website: Agricultural Systems and Engineering at AIT.