Home > Meet our faculty > Mohana Sundaram Shanmugam

Dr. Mohana Sundaram Shanmugam

Assistant Professor
Water Engineering and Management (WEM)
Department of Civil and Infrastructure Engineering (CIE)

Dr. Mohana Sundaram Shanmugam is an assistant professor at Water Engineering and Management program in the School of Engineering and Technology, Asian Institute of Technology Thailand. His research interests include irrigation water management, groundwater assessment and management, water quality monitoring and modelling, chemical leaching assessment, remote sensing and GIS applications for crop water management.

  1. Postdoctoral research associate in Nebraska Water Center, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA (2018)
  2. Ph.D in Water Resources Engineering. Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India (2016)
  3. M.Tech in Agricultural Systems and Management. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India (2009)
  4. B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India (2007)

Research interests include crop water management, climate change impacts on crop systems, water level and water quality monitoring with remote sensing data and methods.

  1. CE74.21: Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
  2. CE74.52: Groundwater Development and Management
  3. CE74.22: Irrigation and Drainage Systems Management
  4. CE74.9005 Selected Topic: Modeling of High Efficiency Irrigation Systems
  1. Adhikari, R.K., Mohanasundaram, S., Shrestha, S. (2020). Impacts of land-use changes on the groundwater recharge in the Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam, Environmental Research, 185, 1-10, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109440
  2. Adikari, K.E., Shrestha, S., Ratnayake, D.T., Budhathoki, A., Mohanasundaram, S., Dailey, M.N (2021), Evaluation of artificial intelligence models for flood and drought forecasting in arid and tropical regions, Environmental Modelling and Software, 144, 1-11, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2021.105136
  3. Aslam R, A., Shrestha, S., Pal, I., Ninsawat, S., Mohanasundaram, S., Anwar, S. (2020). Projections of Climatic Extremes in a Data Poor Transboundary River Basin of India and Pakistan, International Journal of Climatology, 1-19, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6501
  4. Berlin, M., Vasudevan, M., Mohanasundaram, S., Suresh kumar, G., Indumathi, N. (2017). Numerical investigations on feasibility of surfactant enhanced remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in an unsaturated subsurface system beneath an onshore surface spill site, International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 20(5/6):321. DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2017.091293
  5. D’Alessio, M., Wang, T., Swift, C.E., Mohana Sundaram, S., Ray, C. (2018). A Tier-I leaching risk assessment of three anticoagulant compounds in the forested areas of Hawai’i, Science of The Total Environment, 630, 889-902. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.257
  6. Fernando, N.S., Shrestha, S., Saurav, K.C., Mohanasundaram, S. (2022), Investigating major causes of extreme floods using global datasets: A case of Nepal, USA & Thailand, Progress in Disaster Science, 100212.
  7. Ghimire, U., Shrestha, S., Neupane, S., Mohanasundaram, S., Lorphensri, O (2021), Climate and land-use change impacts on spatiotemporal variations in groundwater recharge: A case study of the Bangkok Area, Thailand, Science of The Total Environment, 792, 1-10, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148370
  8. Gunawardana, S.K., Shrestha, S., Mohanasundaram, S., Salin, K.R., Piman, T (2021) Multiple drivers of hydrological alteration in the transboundary Srepok River Basin of the Lower Mekong Region, Journal of Environmental Management, 278, 1-12, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111524
  9. Mohanasundaram S., Suresh Kumar, G., Balaji Narasimhan, Sangam Shrestha (2019). Effective saturation based weighting for interblock hydraulic conductivity in unsaturated zone soil water flow modelling using one-dimensional vertical finite-difference model, Journal of Hydroinformatics, 22 (2), pp. 423-439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2166/hydro.2019.239
  10. Mohanasundaram, S., Balaji N., and Suresh Kumar, G (2013). The significance of autocorrelation and partial autocorrelation on univariate water level rise (recharge) time series modeling, Journal of Groundwater Research, 2(1), 132-142
  11. Mohanasundaram, S., Balaji N., and Suresh Kumar, G (2016). Transfer function noise modeling of groundwater level fluctuation using threshold rainfall based binary weighted parameter estimation approach, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 62(1), 36-49.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2016.1171325
  12. Mohanasundaram, S., Lim., S., (2022), An application of transfer function noise models for predicting groundwater level signals using rainfall signals in Adyar Basin, India, International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, 13(2), 125-145.
  13. Mohanasundaram, S., Mekonnen, M.M., Haacker, E., Ray, C., Lim, S., Shrestha, S (2021), An application of GRACE mission datasets for streamflow and baseflow estimation in the Conterminous United States basins, Journal of Hydrology, 601, 1-14, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2021.126622
  14. Mohanasundaram, S., Mesfin, M.M., Ray, C. (2019). Grid-Based Model for Estimating Evapotranspiration Rates of Heterogeneous Land Surface, Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 146(1), 1-12. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0001436.
  15. Mohanasundaram, S., Sokneth, L., (2020), An application of transfer function noise models for predicting groundwater level signals based on rainfall signals in Adyar basin, Tamil Nadu, India, International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology, Accepted.
  16. Mohanasundaram, S., Suresh Kumar, G., and Balaji, N (2013). Numerical modeling of fluid flow through unsaturated zone using dual porosity approach, ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 19(2), 97-110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09715010.2013.787715
  17. Mohanasundaram, S., Suresh Kumar, G., Balaji Narasimhan (2019). A novel deseasonalized time series model with an improved seasonal estimate for groundwater level predictions, H2Open Journal, 2(1), 25-44. DOI: 10.2166/h2oj.2019.022
  18. Mohanasundaram, S., Udmale, P., Shrestha, S., Baghel, T., Doshi, S.C., Narasimhan, B., Suresh Kumar, G. (2020). A new trend function-based regression kriging for spatial modeling of groundwater hydraulic heads under the sparse distribution of measurement sites, Acta Geophysica, 68, 751-772, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-020-00427-y
  19. Mohanavelu, A., Kasiviswanathan, KS., Mohanasundaram, S., Ilampooranan, I., He, J., Pingale, SM., Soundharajan, B.S., Mohaideen, MMD (2020), Trends and Non-Stationarity in Groundwater Level Changes in Rapidly Developing Indian Cities, Water, 12(11), 3209
  20. Neupane, S., Shrestha, S., Ghimire, U., Mohanasundaram, S., Ninsawat, S (2021), Evaluation of the CORDEX regional climate models (RCMs) for simulating climate extremes in the Asian cities, Science of The Total Environment, 797, 1-10, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149137
  21. Okwala, T., Shreshtha, S., Ghimire, S., Mohanasundaram S., Datta, A. (2020). Assessment of climate change impacts on water balance and hydrological extremes in Bang Pakong-Prachin Buri river basin, Thailand, Environmental Research, 186, 1-11, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109544
  22. Saurav, K.C., Shrestha, S., Nguyen, T.P.L., Gupta, A.D., Mohanasundaram, S., (2022), Groundwater governance: a review of the assessment methodologies, Environmental Reviews, https://doi.org/10.1139/er-2021-0066.
  23. Shrestha, S., Neupane, S., Mohanasundaram, S., Pandey, V.P. (2019). Mapping Groundwater Resiliency under Climate Change Scenarios: A Case Study of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Environmental Research, 183, 1-14, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109149 
  1. Climate change adaptation in agriculture for enhanced recovery and sustainability of highlands
    Funding: Asian Development Bank; Project Duration: 1 July 2021 – 31 October 2023; Total Budget: 1,979,509; Role: PI
  2. Agricultural crop water productivity and adaptations to climate change and climate variability in South and South East Asian countries
    Funding: ASEAN-India S&T Development Fund (AISTDF) – Government of India; Project Duration: 01 Aug 2020 – 01 Aug 2022; Total Budget: THB 1,101,056; Role: Co-PI
  3. Assessment of Groundwater Sustainability in the Special Economic Zone of Thailand for Operational Groundwater Management
    Funding: Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) – Asia (SUMERNET 4 All); Project Duration: 01 July 2020 – 30 June 2022; Total Budget: THB 1,621,300; Role: Co-PI
  4. Mapping groundwater resilience to climate change and human development in Asian cities
    Funding: Asia-Pacific Network for Global Research (APN) – JAPAN; Project Duration: 2019-2021 (3 years); Total Budget: $129,840; Role: Co-PI
  5. Sustainable groundwater management under socio-economic and climate change in Mekong Delta, Vietnam
    Funding: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) – USA; Project Duration: 2020-2020 (1 years); Total Budget: $21,406; Role: Co-PI
  6. Land use/land cover classification using Sentinel-2 satellite imageries and Google Earth Engine
    Funding: Research Initiation Grant (RIG) – AIT, Thailand; Project Duration: 2019 (1 years); Total Budget: THB 50,000; Role: PI

  1. Best student paper award for the paper entitled “Groundwater Recharge and Discharge Zones Delineation using Remote Sensing and GIS” from ISAE-2009 conference
  2. Best student paper award for the paper entitled “Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow through Unsaturated Zone using Dual Porosity Approach” from HYDRO-2012 conference

  1. Member, Indian Society of Agricultural Engineers (ISAE)
  • Evapotranspiration,
  • Climate change,
  • Groundwater management,
  • Drought monitoring,
  • Satellite data for water management